Food Based Aquaculture

What Species Can Be Cultured For Food Production?

Red Claw Crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus)

Red Tilapia Hybrid- Local, Region and Foreign market

Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) - Local, Region and Foreign market

Casscadu or Cascadura- (Hoplosternum littorale) - Local market

Black River Conch (Pomecea urceus) - Local and Regional market

Malaysian Prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) - Local, Region and Foreign market

What Methods Of Culturing Are Available?

Intensive tank culture (concrete or plastic)

Earthen pond culture

Aquaponic systems

  • Choice of culturing and system is dependent on species to be reared and intended market.
  • Systems can be designed for commercial or small scale farming.
  • Culturing of male Tilapia highly recommended via Super Male technology (Genetically Male Tilapia, GMT) or hormone treatment for masculinization.


Types of Aquaculture

Extensive - Usually in earthen ponds, green water system where fish are not fed regularly

Semi-intensive - Ponds (earthen or otherwise green water system, fish fed incomplete ration of feed

Intensive - Tank culture, Fish fed complete ration, clear water system, heavy aeration, circulation and filtration.

Monoculture - Rearing of one species

Polyculture - Rearing of multiple aquatic species within the same body of water

Integrated culture - rearing multiple species, aquatic and semi aquatic within the same enclosure with synergistic effects.

System Land acreage Infrastructure cost Management Feed requirements Water requirements Water system Grow out
Intensive low high high full diet rations low clear tank system
Semi intensive medium medium medium supplemental feed medium green tank or pond
Extensive (pond culture) high low low supplemental feed high green pond